In conventional farming, the farmers lack resources, information, and technology that directly affect the crop yield and lead to food insecurity. While, in precision agriculture, all the activities of modern farming are performed through high-tech methodology and equipment to increase crop productivity. SMART Agriculture and precision technologies cover all agriculture domains, including land preparation, leveling, soil sampling, irrigation, high yield producing seed sowing, fertilizing, crop health monitoring (pest, weed, disease control), monitoring plant physiological parameters with planned harvesting.
With the help of precision farming, there are economic, social, and environmental advantages compared to traditional agriculture. Crop productivity can be increased by reducing soil, air, and water pollution. By using small resources, farmers can maintain their farms and fields by monitoring the crop and soil parameters.